List of living cardinals

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Cardinals are senior ecclesiastical leaders of the Catholic Church, almost always ordained bishops and generally holding important roles within the church, such as governing prominent archdioceses or managing dicasteries within the Roman Curia. They are created in consistories by the pope and one of their foremost duties is the election of a new pope (invariably from among themselves, although not a formal requirement) when the Holy See is vacant, following the death or the resignation of the reigning pontiff. The body of all cardinals is collectively known as the College of Cardinals.[1][2]

Under current ecclesiastical law, as defined by the apostolic constitution Universi Dominici gregis, only cardinals who have not passed their 80th birthday on the day on which the Holy See falls vacant are eligible to participate in a papal conclave to elect a new pope.[3] The same apostolic constitution also specifies a maximum of 120 cardinal electors who can participate in a conclave;[3] this number has often been exceeded, although never at the time of a conclave. Cardinals may also be created in pectore (reserved 'in the breast'), in which case they are not publicly revealed by the pope; they do not enjoy the privileges of a cardinal until their names are published. The creations of any such cardinals who have not been revealed at the pope's death or resignation automatically lapse.[1][4]

As of 28 November 2020, there are 229 cardinals, 128 of whom are cardinal electors. The most recent consistory for the creation of cardinals was held on 28 November 2020, when Pope Francis created 13 cardinals, including 9 cardinal electors.[5] Donald William Wuerl was the most recent cardinal elector to turn 80, on 12 November 2020; Gabriel Zubeir Wako will be the next cardinal elector to turn 80, on 27 February 2021. Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz was the most recent cardinal to die, on 16 November 2020, at the age of 97.[6]

Living cardinals[edit]

The College of Cardinals is divided into three orders, with official precedence in the following sequence, generally reflecting seniority and honour:[1]

  1. Cardinal bishops (CB): the six cardinals who are assigned the titles of the seven suburbicarian dioceses in the vicinity of Rome (and other cardinals who are additionally co-opted into the order, in derogation of canon law),[7][8] appointed from the other cardinals by the pope, as well as cardinals who are patriarchs of Eastern Catholic Churches.[9] The two most senior cardinal bishops of the College, elected by the cardinal bishops from among themselves (excluding those who are Eastern Catholic patriarchs) and approved by the pope,[1] are termed the dean and the vice-dean, currently Giovanni Battista Re and Leonardo Sandri, respectively; the latter is also the senior cardinal bishop among those who are cardinal electors.[a]
  2. Cardinal priests (CP): bishops typically in charge of dioceses (normally as ordinaries), as well as former cardinal deacons who have opted for the order.[10] The most senior cardinal priest of the College is termed the protopriest, currently Michael Michai Kitbunchu; among the cardinal electors, the senior cardinal priest is Vinko Puljić.[a]
  3. Cardinal deacons (CD): bishops who hold curial or diplomatic roles, as well as other clergy, including priests granted dispensation not to be consecrated bishops. They have the option (Latin: optatio) of becoming cardinal priests after having been cardinal deacons for ten years.[1][11] The most senior cardinal deacon of the College is termed the protodeacon, currently Renato Raffaele Martino; among the cardinal electors, the senior cardinal deacon is Robert Sarah and the junior cardinal deacon is Michael Czerny.[a]

For cardinal bishops, except for those who are Eastern Catholic patriarchs, the dean is first in precedence, followed by the vice-dean and then, in order of appointment as cardinal bishops, by the remainder. For cardinal bishops who are Eastern Catholic patriarchs, for cardinal priests and for cardinal deacons, precedence is determined by the date of the consistory in which they were created cardinals and then by the order in which they appeared in the official announcement or bulletin.

By default, this table is sorted by order of precedence, as denoted by the No. column. All cardinals are of the Latin Church unless otherwise stated. Cardinals belonging to institutes of consecrated life or to societies of apostolic life are indicated by the respective post-nominal letters.

* Cardinals ineligible to participate in a papal conclave
No. Name Country Born Order Consistory Office Ref.
1 Giovanni Battista Re*  Italy 30 January 1934
(age 86)
CB 21 February 2001[i]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Bishops (Dean) [12]
2 Leonardo Sandri  Argentina 18 November 1943
(age 77)
CB 24 November 2007[ii]
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches (Vice-Dean) [13]
3 Angelo Sodano*  Italy 23 November 1927
(age 93)
CB 28 June 1991[iii]
John Paul II
Secretary of State emeritus [14]
4 Francis Arinze*  Nigeria 1 November 1932
(age 88)
CB 25 May 1985[iv]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments [15]
5 Tarcisio Bertone SDB*  Italy 2 December 1934
(age 86)
CB 21 October 2003[v]
John Paul II
Secretary of State emeritus and Camerlengo emeritus of the Holy Roman Church [16]
6 José Saraiva Martins CMF*  Portugal 6 January 1932
(age 88)
CB 21 February 2001[vi]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints [17]
7 Pietro Parolin  Italy 17 January 1955
(age 65)
CB 22 February 2014[vii]
Francis
Secretary of State [18]
8 Marc Ouellet PSS  Canada 8 June 1944
(age 76)
CB 21 October 2003[vii]
John Paul II
Prefect of the Congregation for Bishops [19]
9 Fernando Filoni  Italy 15 April 1946
(age 74)
CB 18 February 2012[viii]
Benedict XVI
Grand Master of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre [20]
10 Beniamino Stella  Italy 18 August 1941
(age 79)
CB 22 February 2014[ix]
Francis
Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy [21]
11 Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle  Philippines 21 June 1957
(age 63)
CB 24 November 2012[x]
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples [22]
12 Antonios Naguib*  Egypt 18 March 1935
(age 85)
CB 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Patriarch emeritus of Alexandria
(Coptic Catholic Church)
[23]
13 Béchara Boutros Raï OMM*  Lebanon 25 February 1940
(age 80)
CB 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Patriarch of Antioch
(Maronite Church)
[24]
14 Louis Raphaël I Sako  Iraq 4 July 1948
(age 72)
CB 28 June 2018
Francis
Patriarch of Babylon
(Chaldean Catholic Church)
[25]
15 Michael Michai Kitbunchu*  Thailand 25 January 1929
(age 91)
CP 2 February 1983
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Bangkok (Protopriest) [26]
16 Alexandre do Nascimento*  Angola 1 March 1925
(age 95)
CP 2 February 1983
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Luanda [27]
17 Thomas Stafford Williams*  New Zealand 20 March 1930
(age 90)
CP 2 February 1983
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Wellington [28]
18 Jozef Tomko*  Slovakia 11 March 1924
(age 96)
CP 25 May 1985[xi]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Committee for International Eucharistic Congresses [29]
19 Paul Poupard*  France 30 August 1930
(age 90)
CP 25 May 1985[xi]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Councils for Culture and for Interreligious Dialogue [30]
20 Friedrich Wetter*  Germany 20 February 1928
(age 92)
CP 25 May 1985
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Munich and Freising [31]
21 Eduardo Martínez Somalo*  Spain 31 March 1927
(age 93)
CP 28 June 1988[xii]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life and Camerlengo emeritus of the Holy Roman Church [32]
22 José Freire Falcão*  Brazil 23 October 1925
(age 95)
CP 28 June 1988
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Brasília [33]
23 Alexandre José Maria dos Santos OFM*  Mozambique 18 March 1924
(age 96)
CP 28 June 1988
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Maputo [34]
24 Christian Wiyghan Tumi*  Cameroon 15 October 1930
(age 90)
CP 28 June 1988
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Douala [35]
25 Edward Idris Cassidy*  Australia 5 July 1924
(age 96)
CP 28 June 1991[xiii]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity [36]
26 Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez*  Dominican Republic 31 October 1936
(age 84)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Santo Domingo [37]
27 Roger Michael Mahony*  United States 27 February 1936
(age 84)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Los Angeles [38]
28 Camillo Ruini*  Italy 19 February 1931
(age 89)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Vicar General emeritus for Rome and Archpriest emeritus of the Papal Basilica of Saint John Lateran [39]
29 Henri Schwery*   Switzerland 14 June 1932
(age 88)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Bishop emeritus of Sion [40]
30 Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja SJ*  Indonesia 20 December 1934
(age 85)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Jakarta [41]
31 Emmanuel Wamala*  Uganda 15 December 1926
(age 93)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Kampala [42]
32 Adam Joseph Maida*  United States 18 March 1930
(age 90)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Detroit [43]
33 Vinko Puljić  Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 September 1945
(age 75)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop of Vrhbosna [44]
34 Juan Sandoval Íñiguez*  Mexico 28 March 1933
(age 87)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Guadalajara [45]
35 Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez*  Chile 23 December 1926
(age 93)
CP 21 February 1998[xiv]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments [46]
36 James Francis Stafford*  United States 26 July 1932
(age 88)
CP 21 February 1998[xiv]
John Paul II
Major Penitentiary emeritus [47]
37 Salvatore De Giorgi*  Italy 6 September 1930
(age 90)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Palermo [48]
38 Antonio María Rouco Varela*  Spain 20 August 1936
(age 84)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Madrid [49]
39 Polycarp Pengo  Tanzania 5 August 1944
(age 76)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Dar-es-Salaam [50]
40 Christoph Schönborn OP  Austria 22 January 1945
(age 75)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop of Vienna [51]
41 Norberto Rivera Carrera  Mexico 6 June 1942
(age 78)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Mexico [52]
42 Jānis Pujats*  Latvia 14 November 1930
(age 90)
CP 21 February 1998[b]
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Riga [53]
43 Agostino Cacciavillan*  Italy 14 August 1926
(age 94)
CP 21 February 2001[xv]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See [54]
44 Sergio Sebastiani*  Italy 11 April 1931
(age 89)
CP 21 February 2001[xv]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See [55]
45 Crescenzio Sepe  Italy 2 June 1943
(age 77)
CP 21 February 2001[xvi]
John Paul II
Archbishop of Naples [56]
46 Walter Kasper*  Germany 5 March 1933
(age 87)
CP 21 February 2001[xv]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity [57]
47 Geraldo Majella Agnelo*  Brazil 19 October 1933
(age 87)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of São Salvador da Bahia [58]
48 Pedro Rubiano Sáenz*  Colombia 13 September 1932
(age 88)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Bogotá [59]
49 Audrys Juozas Bačkis*  Lithuania 1 February 1937
(age 83)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Vilnius [60]
50 Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa ISch*  Chile 5 September 1933
(age 87)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Santiago de Chile [61]
51 Wilfrid Fox Napier OFM  South Africa 8 March 1941
(age 79)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Durban [62]
52 Óscar Andrés Rodríguez Maradiaga SDB  Honduras 29 December 1942
(age 77)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Tegucigalpa and Coordinator of the Council of Cardinals [63]
53 Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne  Peru 28 December 1943
(age 76)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Lima [64]
54 Francisco Álvarez Martínez*  Spain 14 July 1925
(age 95)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Toledo [65]
55 Cláudio Hummes OFM*  Brazil 8 August 1934
(age 86)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Clergy [66]
56 Severino Poletto*  Italy 18 March 1933
(age 87)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Turin [67]
57 Julián Herranz Casado*  Spain 31 March 1930
(age 90)
CP 21 October 2003[xvii]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts [68]
58 Javier Lozano Barragán*  Mexico 26 January 1933
(age 87)
CP 21 October 2003[xvii]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Health Care Workers [69]
59 Angelo Scola  Italy 7 November 1941
(age 79)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Milan [70]
60 Anthony Olubunmi Okogie*  Nigeria 16 June 1936
(age 84)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Lagos [71]
61 Gabriel Zubeir Wako  Sudan 27 February 1941
(age 79)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Khartoum [72]
62 Carlos Amigo Vallejo OFM*  Spain 23 August 1934
(age 86)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Seville [73]
63 Justin Francis Rigali*  United States 19 April 1935
(age 85)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Philadelphia [74]
64 Eusébio Oscar Scheid SCI*  Brazil 8 December 1932
(age 87)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro [75]
65 Ennio Antonelli*  Italy 18 November 1936
(age 84)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Family [76]
66 Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson  Ghana 11 October 1948
(age 72)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Prefect of the Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development [77]
67 Telesphore Placidus Toppo*  India 15 October 1939
(age 81)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Ranchi [78]
68 George Pell  Australia 8 June 1941
(age 79)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Secretariat for the Economy [79]
69 Josip Bozanić  Croatia 20 March 1949
(age 71)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Zagreb [80]
70 Jean-Baptiste Phạm Minh Mẫn*  Vietnam 5 March 1934
(age 86)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Ho Chi Minh City [81]
71 Philippe Barbarin  France 17 October 1950
(age 70)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Lyon [82]
72 Péter Erdő  Hungary 25 June 1952
(age 68)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Esztergom–Budapest [83]
73 Franc Rodé CM*  Slovenia 23 September 1934
(age 86)
CP 24 March 2006[xviii]
Benedict XVI
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life [84]
74 Agostino Vallini*  Italy 17 April 1940
(age 80)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Pontifical Legate for the Basilicas of Saint Francis and Saint Mary of the Angels in Assisi [85]
75 Jorge Liberato Urosa Savino  Venezuela 28 August 1942
(age 78)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Caracas [86]
76 Gaudencio Borbon Rosales*  Philippines 10 August 1932
(age 88)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Manila [87]
77 Jean-Pierre Ricard  France 25 September 1944
(age 76)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Bordeaux [88]
78 Antonio Cañizares Llovera  Spain 15 October 1945
(age 75)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Valencia [89]
79 Nicholas Cheong Jin-suk*  South Korea 7 December 1931
(age 88)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Seoul [90]
80 Seán Patrick O'Malley OFMCap  United States 29 June 1944
(age 76)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Boston and President of the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors [91]
81 Stanisław Dziwisz*  Poland 27 April 1939
(age 81)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Kraków [92]
82 Joseph Zen Ze-kiun SDB*  China
( Hong Kong)[c]
13 January 1932
(age 88)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Bishop emeritus of Hong Kong [93]
83 Albert Vanhoye SJ*  France 24 July 1923
(age 97)
CP 24 March 2006[xviii]
Benedict XVI
Priest of the Society of Jesus[d] [94]
84 Giovanni Lajolo*  Italy 3 January 1935
(age 85)
CP 24 November 2007[xix]
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State [95]
85 Paul Josef Cordes*  Germany 5 September 1934
(age 86)
CP 24 November 2007[xix]
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum [96]
86 Angelo Comastri  Italy 17 September 1943
(age 77)
CP 24 November 2007[xix]
Benedict XVI
Vicar General for Vatican City, Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter and President of the Fabric of Saint Peter [97]
87 Stanisław Ryłko  Poland 4 July 1945
(age 75)
CP 24 November 2007[xix]
Benedict XVI
Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major [98]
88 Raffaele Farina SDB*  Italy 24 September 1933
(age 87)
CP 24 November 2007[xix]
Benedict XVI
Archivist and Librarian emeritus of the Holy Roman Church [99]
89 Seán Baptist Brady*  Ireland[e] 16 August 1939
(age 81)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Armagh [100]
90 Lluís Martínez Sistach*  Spain 29 April 1937
(age 83)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Barcelona [101]
91 André Vingt-Trois  France 7 November 1942
(age 78)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Paris [102]
92 Angelo Bagnasco  Italy 14 January 1943
(age 77)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Genoa [103]
93 Théodore-Adrien Sarr*  Senegal 28 November 1936
(age 84)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Dakar [104]
94 Oswald Gracias  India 24 December 1944
(age 75)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Bombay [105]
95 Francisco Robles Ortega  Mexico 2 March 1949
(age 71)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Guadalajara [106]
96 Daniel Nicholas DiNardo  United States 23 May 1949
(age 71)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Galveston–Houston [107]
97 Odilo Pedro Scherer  Brazil 21 September 1949
(age 71)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of São Paulo [108]
98 John Njue  Kenya 1944[f]
(age 75–76)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Nairobi [109]
99 Estanislao Esteban Karlic*  Argentina 7 February 1926
(age 94)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Paraná [110]
100 Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya*  Democratic Republic of the Congo 7 October 1939
(age 81)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Kinshasa [111]
101 Paolo Romeo*  Italy 20 February 1938
(age 82)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Palermo [112]
102 Donald William Wuerl*  United States 12 November 1940
(age 80)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Washington [113]
103 Raymundo Damasceno Assis*  Brazil 15 February 1937
(age 83)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Aparecida [114]
104 Kazimierz Nycz  Poland 1 February 1950
(age 70)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Warsaw [115]
105 Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don  Sri Lanka 15 November 1947
(age 73)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Colombo [116]
106 Reinhard Marx  Germany 21 September 1953
(age 67)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Munich and Freising and Coordinator of the Council for the Economy [117]
107 George Alencherry  India 19 April 1945
(age 75)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Archbishop of Ernakulam–Angamaly
(Syro-Malabar Catholic Church)
[118]
108 Thomas Christopher Collins  Canada 16 January 1947
(age 73)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Toronto [119]
109 Dominik Duka OP  Czech Republic 26 April 1943
(age 77)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Prague [120]
110 Willem Jacobus Eijk  Netherlands 22 June 1953
(age 67)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Utrecht [121]
111 Giuseppe Betori  Italy 25 February 1947
(age 73)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Florence [122]
112 Timothy Michael Dolan  United States 6 February 1950
(age 70)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of New York [123]
113 Rainer Maria Woelki  Germany 18 August 1956
(age 64)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Cologne [124]
114 John Tong Hon*  China
( Hong Kong)[c]
31 July 1939
(age 81)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Bishop emeritus of Hong Kong [125]
115 Lucian Mureșan*  Romania 23 May 1931
(age 89)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Archbishop of Făgăraș and Alba Iulia
(Romanian Greek Catholic Church)
[126]
116 Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal  India 15 June 1959
(age 61)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Archbishop of Trivandrum
(Syro-Malankara Catholic Church)
[127]
117 John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan  Nigeria 29 January 1944
(age 76)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Abuja [128]
118 Rubén Salazar Gómez  Colombia 22 September 1942
(age 78)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Bogotá [129]
119 Vincent Gerard Nichols  United Kingdom 8 November 1945
(age 75)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Westminster [130]
120 Leopoldo José Brenes Solórzano  Nicaragua 7 March 1949
(age 71)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Managua [131]
121 Gérald Cyprien Lacroix ISPX  Canada 27 July 1957
(age 63)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Quebec [132]
122 Jean-Pierre Kutwa  Ivory Coast 22 December 1945
(age 74)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Abidjan [133]
123 Orani João Tempesta OCist  Brazil 23 June 1950
(age 70)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro [134]
124 Gualtiero Bassetti  Italy 7 April 1942
(age 78)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Perugia–Città della Pieve [135]
125 Mario Aurelio Poli  Argentina 29 November 1947
(age 73)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Buenos Aires [136]
126 Andrew Yeom Soo-jung  South Korea 5 December 1943
(age 76)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Seoul [137]
127 Ricardo Ezzati Andrello SDB  Chile 7 January 1942
(age 78)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Santiago de Chile [138]
128 Philippe Nakellentuba Ouédraogo  Burkina Faso 25 January 1945
(age 75)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Ouagadougou [139]
129 Orlando Beltran Quevedo OMI*  Philippines 11 March 1939
(age 81)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Cotabato [140]
130 Chibly Langlois  Haiti 29 November 1958
(age 62)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Bishop of Les Cayes [141]
131 Kelvin Edward Felix*  Saint Lucia 15 February 1933
(age 87)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Castries [142]
132 Manuel José Macário do Nascimento Clemente  Portugal 16 July 1948
(age 72)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Patriarch of Lisbon [143]
133 Berhaneyesus Demerew Souraphiel CM  Ethiopia 14 July 1948
(age 72)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Addis Abeba
(Ethiopian Catholic Church)
[144]
134 John Atcherley Dew  New Zealand 5 May 1948
(age 72)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Wellington [145]
135 Edoardo Menichelli*  Italy 14 October 1939
(age 81)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Ancona–Osimo [146]
136 Pierre Nguyễn Văn Nhơn*  Vietnam 1 April 1938
(age 82)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Hanoi [147]
137 Alberto Suárez Inda*  Mexico 30 January 1939
(age 81)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Morelia [148]
138 Charles Maung Bo SDB  Myanmar 29 October 1948
(age 72)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Yangon [149]
139 Francis Xavier Kriengsak Kovithavanij  Thailand 27 June 1949
(age 71)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Bangkok [150]
140 Francesco Montenegro  Italy 22 May 1946
(age 74)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Agrigento [151]
141 Daniel Fernando Sturla Berhouet SDB  Uruguay 4 July 1959
(age 61)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Montevideo [152]
142 Ricardo Blázquez Pérez  Spain 13 April 1942
(age 78)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Valladolid [153]
143 José Luis Lacunza Maestrojuán OAR  Panama 24 February 1944
(age 76)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Bishop of David [154]
144 Arlindo Gomes Furtado  Cape Verde 15 November 1949
(age 71)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Bishop of Santiago de Cabo Verde [155]
145 Soane Patita Paini Mafi  Tonga 19 December 1961
(age 58)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Bishop of Tonga [156]
146 Luis Héctor Villalba*  Argentina 11 October 1934
(age 86)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Tucumán [157]
147 Júlio Duarte Langa*  Mozambique 27 October 1927
(age 93)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Bishop emeritus of Xai-Xai [158]
148 Dieudonné Nzapalainga CSSp  Central African Republic 14 March 1967
(age 53)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Bangui [159]
149 Carlos Osoro Sierra  Spain 16 May 1945
(age 75)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Madrid [160]
150 Sérgio da Rocha  Brazil 21 October 1959
(age 61)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia [161]
151 Blase Joseph Cupich  United States 19 March 1949
(age 71)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Chicago [162]
152 Patrick D'Rozario CSC  Bangladesh 1 October 1943
(age 77)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Dhaka [163]
153 Baltazar Enrique Porras Cardozo  Venezuela 10 October 1944
(age 76)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Mérida [164]
154 Jozef De Kesel  Belgium 17 June 1947
(age 73)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Mechelen–Brussels [165]
155 Maurice Piat CSSp  Mauritius 17 July 1941
(age 79)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Bishop of Port-Louis [166]
156 Carlos Aguiar Retes  Mexico 9 January 1950
(age 70)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Mexico [167]
157 John Ribat MSC  Papua New Guinea 9 February 1957
(age 63)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Port Moresby [168]
158 Joseph William Tobin CSsR  United States 3 May 1952
(age 68)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Newark [169]
159 Sebastian Koto Khoarai OMI*  Lesotho 11 September 1929
(age 91)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Bishop emeritus of Mohale's Hoek [170]
160 Jean Zerbo  Mali 27 December 1943
(age 76)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Archbishop of Bamako [171]
161 Juan José Omella Omella  Spain 21 April 1946
(age 74)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Archbishop of Barcelona [172]
162 Anders Arborelius OCD  Sweden 24 September 1949
(age 71)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Bishop of Stockholm [173]
163 Louis-Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun IVD  Laos 8 April 1944
(age 76)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Apostolic Vicar of Vientiane [174]
164 Gregorio Rosa Chávez  El Salvador 3 September 1942
(age 78)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Auxiliary Bishop of San Salvador [175]
165 Angelo De Donatis  Italy 4 January 1954
(age 66)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Vicar General for Rome and Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint John Lateran [176]
166 Joseph Coutts  Pakistan 21 July 1945
(age 75)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of Karachi [177]
167 António Augusto dos Santos Marto  Portugal 5 May 1947
(age 73)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Bishop of Leiria–Fátima [178]
168 Pedro Ricardo Barreto Jimeno SJ  Peru 12 February 1944
(age 76)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of Huancayo [179]
169 Désiré Tsarahazana  Madagascar 13 June 1954
(age 66)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of Toamasina [180]
170 Giuseppe Petrocchi  Italy 19 August 1948
(age 72)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of L'Aquila [181]
171 Thomas Aquino Manyo Maeda  Japan 3 March 1949
(age 71)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of Osaka [182]
172 Toribio Ticona Porco*  Bolivia 25 April 1937
(age 83)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Prelate emeritus of Corocoro [183]
173 Ignatius Suharyo Hardjoatmodjo  Indonesia 9 July 1950
(age 70)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop of Jakarta [184]
174 Juan de la Caridad García Rodríguez  Cuba 11 July 1948
(age 72)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop of San Cristóbal de la Habana [185]
175 Fridolin Ambongo Besungu OFMCap  Democratic Republic of the Congo 24 January 1960
(age 60)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop of Kinshasa [186]
176 Jean-Claude Hollerich SJ  Luxembourg 9 August 1958
(age 62)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop of Luxembourg [187]
177 Álvaro Leonel Ramazzini Imeri  Guatemala 16 July 1947
(age 73)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Bishop of Huehuetenango [188]
178 Matteo Maria Zuppi  Italy 11 October 1955
(age 65)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop of Bologna [189]
179 Cristóbal López Romero SDB  Morocco 19 May 1952
(age 68)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop of Rabat [190]
180 Sigitas Tamkevičius SJ*  Lithuania 7 November 1938
(age 82)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Kaunas [191]
181 Eugenio Dal Corso PSDP*  Angola 16 May 1939
(age 81)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Bishop emeritus of Benguela [192]
182 Antoine Kambanda  Rwanda 10 November 1958
(age 62)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Archbishop of Kigali [193]
183 Wilton Daniel Gregory  United States 7 December 1947
(age 72)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Archbishop of Washington [194]
184 Jose Fuerte Advincula  Philippines 30 March 1952
(age 68)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Archbishop of Capiz [195]
185 Celestino Aós Braco OFMCap  Chile 6 April 1945
(age 75)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Archbishop of Santiago de Chile [196]
186 Cornelius Sim  Brunei 16 September 1951
(age 69)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Apostolic Vicar of Brunei [197]
187 Augusto Paolo Lojudice  Italy 1 July 1964
(age 56)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Archbishop of Siena–Colle di Val d'Elsa–Montalcino [198]
188 Felipe Arizmendi Esquivel*  Mexico 1 May 1940
(age 80)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Bishop emeritus of San Cristóbal de las Casas [199]
189 Renato Raffaele Martino*  Italy 23 November 1932
(age 88)
CD 21 October 2003
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Councils for Justice and Peace and for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People (Protodeacon) [200]
190 Angelo Amato SDB*  Italy 8 June 1938
(age 82)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints [201]
191 Robert Sarah  Guinea 15 June 1945
(age 75)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments [202]
192 Francesco Monterisi*  Italy 28 May 1934
(age 86)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archpriest emeritus of the Papal Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls [203]
193 Raymond Leo Burke  United States 30 June 1948
(age 72)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta [204]
194 Kurt Koch   Switzerland 15 March 1950
(age 70)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity [205]
195 Mauro Piacenza  Italy 15 September 1944
(age 76)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Major Penitentiary [206]
196 Gianfranco Ravasi  Italy 18 October 1942
(age 78)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Council for Culture [207]
197 Walter Brandmüller*  Germany 5 January 1929
(age 91)
CD 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences [208]
198 Manuel Monteiro de Castro*  Portugal 29 March 1938
(age 82)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Penitentiary emeritus [209]
199 Santos Abril y Castelló*  Spain 21 September 1935
(age 85)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archpriest emeritus of the Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major [210]
200 Antonio Maria Vegliò*  Italy 3 February 1938
(age 82)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People [211]
201 Giuseppe Bertello  Italy 1 October 1942
(age 78)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State [212]
202 Francesco Coccopalmerio*  Italy 6 March 1938
(age 82)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts [213]
203 João Braz de Aviz  Brazil 24 April 1947
(age 73)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life [214]
204 Edwin Frederick O'Brien*  United States 8 April 1939
(age 81)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Grand Master emeritus of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre [215]
205 Domenico Calcagno  Italy 3 February 1943
(age 77)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See [216]
206 Giuseppe Versaldi  Italy 30 July 1943
(age 77)
CD 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education [217]
207 James Michael Harvey  United States 20 October 1949
(age 71)
CD 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls [218]
208 Lorenzo Baldisseri*  Italy 29 September 1940
(age 80)
CD 22 February 2014
Francis
Secretary-General emeritus of the Synod of Bishops [219]
209 Gerhard Ludwig Müller  Germany 31 December 1947
(age 72)
CD 22 February 2014
Francis
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith [220]
210 Dominique Mamberti  France 7 March 1952
(age 68)
CD 14 February 2015
Francis
Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura [221]
211 Luigi De Magistris*  Italy 23 February 1926
(age 94)
CD 14 February 2015
Francis
Pro–Major Penitentiary emeritus [222]
212 Karl-Josef Rauber*  Germany 11 April 1934
(age 86)
CD 14 February 2015
Francis
Apostolic Nuncio emeritus to Belgium and to Luxembourg [223]
213 Mario Zenari  Italy 5 January 1946
(age 74)
CD 19 November 2016
Francis
Apostolic Nuncio to Syria [224]
214 Kevin Joseph Farrell  United States 2 September 1947
(age 73)
CD 19 November 2016
Francis
Prefect of the Dicastery for the Laity, Family and Life and Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church [225]
215 Ernest Simoni*  Albania 18 October 1928
(age 92)
CD 19 November 2016
Francis
Priest of the Archdiocese of Shkodër–Pult[d] [226]
216 Luis Francisco Ladaria Ferrer SJ  Spain 19 April 1944
(age 76)
CD 28 June 2018
Francis
Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith [227]
217 Giovanni Angelo Becciu*[g]  Italy 2 June 1948
(age 72)
CD 28 June 2018
Francis
Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints and Special Delegate emeritus to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta [228]
218 Konrad Krajewski  Poland 25 November 1963
(age 57)
CD 28 June 2018
Francis
Almoner of His Holiness [229]
219 Aquilino Bocos Merino CMF*  Spain 17 May 1938
(age 82)
CD 28 June 2018
Francis
Superior General emeritus of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary [230]
220 Miguel Ángel Ayuso Guixot MCCJ  Spain 17 June 1952
(age 68)
CD 5 October 2019
Francis
President of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue [231]
221 José Tolentino Calaça de Mendonça  Portugal 15 December 1965
(age 54)
CD 5 October 2019
Francis
Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church [232]
222 Michael Czerny SJ  Canada 18 July 1946
(age 74)
CD 5 October 2019
Francis
Under-Secretary of the Migrants and Refugees Section of the Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development [233]
223 Michael Louis Fitzgerald MAfr*  United Kingdom 17 August 1937
(age 83)
CD 5 October 2019
Francis
Apostolic Nuncio emeritus to Egypt [234]
224 Mario Grech  Malta 20 February 1957
(age 63)
CD 28 November 2020
Francis
Secretary-General of the Synod of Bishops [235]
225 Marcello Semeraro  Italy 22 December 1947
(age 72)
CD 28 November 2020
Francis
Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints [236]
226 Mauro Gambetti OFMConv  Italy 27 October 1965
(age 55)
CD 28 November 2020
Francis
Custos emeritus of the Sacred Convent of Assisi [237]
227 Silvano Maria Tomasi CS*  Italy 12 October 1940
(age 80)
CD 28 November 2020
Francis
Special Delegate to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta [238]
228 Raniero Cantalamessa OFMCap*  Italy 22 July 1934
(age 86)
CD 28 November 2020
Francis
Preacher of the Papal Household[d] [239]
229 Enrico Feroci*  Italy 27 August 1940
(age 80)
CD 28 November 2020
Francis
Pastor of the Shrine of Our Lady of Divine Love in Castel di Leva, Rome [240]

Former cardinals[edit]

As of 28 July 2018, there are three living former cardinals, listed here in chronological order of when they ceased to be a cardinal:

Demographics of the College of Cardinals[edit]

This table shows the number of living cardinals created by each pope and belonging to each order. By default, it is sorted by order of pontificate, as denoted by the No. column.

Currently, 55.9 per cent of all cardinals are eligible to participate in a papal conclave. The number of votes required to be elected pope with a two-thirds supermajority, if all 128 cardinal electors were to participate (notwithstanding the maximum of 120 specified in Universi Dominici gregis), would be 86.[3][245]

Pope Order Total Percentage of total
No. Name Cardinal bishops Cardinal priests Cardinal deacons
All Electors All Electors All Electors All Electors All Electors
264 John Paul II
16 October 1978 – 2 April 2005
6 1 58 15 1 0 65 16 28.4% 12.5%
265 Benedict XVI
19 April 2005 – 28 February 2013
5 3 46 26 18 10 69 39 30.1% 30.5%
266 Francis
13 March 2013 – present
3 3 70 58 22 12 95 73 41.5% 57.0%
Total 14 7 174 99 41 22 229 128 100.0% 100.0%
Percentage of total 6.1% 5.5% 76.0% 77.3% 17.9% 17.2% 100.0% 100.0%

Cardinals by particular church sui iuris[edit]

While most cardinals belong to the Latin Church, which encompasses the vast majority of Catholics, a small number of cardinals belong to one of the twenty-three autonomous (sui iuris) Eastern Catholic Churches.

Currently, there are seven Eastern Catholic cardinals, including four cardinal electors, belonging to seven particular churches sui iuris:

For Eastern Catholic particular churches sui iuris, bracketed percentages are in relation to all Eastern Catholic Churches as a whole.

Particular church sui iuris All cardinals Cardinal electors
Number Percentage Number Percentage
Latin Church
(Western)
222 96.9% 124 96.9%
Eastern Churches Chaldean Catholic Church 1 0.4%
(14.3%)
1 0.8%
(25.0%)
Coptic Catholic Church 1 0.4%
(14.3%)
0 0.0%
(0.0%)
Ethiopian Catholic Church 1 0.4%
(14.3%)
1 0.8%
(25.0%)
Maronite Church 1 0.4%
(14.3%)
0 0.0%
(0.0%)
Romanian Greek Catholic Church 1 0.4%
(14.3%)
0 0.0%
(0.0%)
Syro-Malabar Catholic Church 1 0.4%
(14.3%)
1 0.8%
(25.0%)
Syro-Malankara Catholic Church 1 0.4%
(14.3%)
1 0.8%
(25.0%)
Total 7 3.1%
(100.0%)
4 3.1%
(100.0%)
Total 229 100.0% 128 100.0%

Cardinals by institute of consecrated life or by society of apostolic life[edit]

Currently, there are 51 cardinals (22.3 per cent), including 29 cardinal electors (22.7 per cent), belonging to 26 institutes of consecrated life or societies of apostolic life. Common names, if different, are given in brackets.

Post-nominal Institute or society All cardinals Cardinal electors
CM Congregation of the Mission (Vincentians/Lazarists) 2 1
CMF Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Claretians) 2 0
CS Congregation of the Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo (Scalabrinians) 1 0
CSC Congregation of Holy Cross (Holy Cross Fathers) 1 1
CSSp Congregation of the Holy Spirit (Holy Ghost Fathers / Spiritans) 2 2
CSsR Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists) 1 1
ISch Institute of Schönstatt Fathers 1 0
ISPX Pius X Secular Institute 1 1
IVD Voluntas Dei Institute 1 1
MAfr Missionaries of Africa (White Fathers) 1 0
MCCJ Comboni Missionaries of the Heart of Jesus 1 1
MSC Missionaries of the Sacred Heart 1 1
OAR Order of Augustinian Recollects 1 1
OCD Order of Discalced Carmelites 1 1
OCist Order of Cistercians 1 1
OFM Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans) 4 1
OFMCap Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (Capuchins) 4 3
OFMConv Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans) 1 1
OMI Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (Oblates) 2 0
OMM Mariamite Maronite Order (Aleppians) 1 0
OP Order of Preachers (Dominicans) 2 2
PSDP Poor Servants of Divine Providence 1 0
PSS Society of the Priests of Saint Sulpice (Sulpicians) 1 1
SCI Priests of the Sacred Heart (Dehonians) 1 0
SDB Society of Saint Francis de Sales (Salesians) 9 5
SJ Society of Jesus (Jesuits) 7 4
None Secular clergy 178 99
Total 229 128

Cardinals by continent[edit]

For the purposes of this article, countries are grouped into continents generally according to the regions of the United Nations geoscheme; for the Americas region, North America comprises the Northern America, the Central America and the Caribbean subregions, while South America comprises the remaining subregion of the same name.

Continent All cardinals Cardinal electors Percentage of global Catholic population (2018)[246]
Number Percentage Number Percentage
Africa 30 13.1% 18 14.1% 18.5%
North America 35 15.3% 23 18.0% 48.3%[h]
South America 25 10.9% 14 10.9%
Asia 27 11.8% 16 12.5% 11.1%
Europe 106 46.3% 53 41.4% 21.5%
Oceania 6 2.6% 4 3.1% 0.6%
Total 229 100.0% 128 100.0% 100.0%

Cardinals by country[edit]

Currently, there are 90 countries that have cardinals, 70 of which have cardinal electors. The countries with the greatest percentages of all cardinals are Italy (20.5 per cent), the United States (6.6 per cent) and Spain (6.1 per cent). Among the cardinal electors, the countries with the greatest percentages are Italy (17.2 per cent), the United States (7.0 per cent) and Spain (4.7 per cent).

Country Continent All cardinals Cardinal electors
 Albania Europe 1 0
 Angola Africa 2 0
 Argentina South America 4 2
 Australia Oceania 2 1
 Austria Europe 1 1
 Bangladesh Asia 1 1
 Belgium Europe 1 1
 Bolivia South America 1 0
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 1 1
 Brazil South America 9 4
 Brunei Asia 1 1
 Burkina Faso Africa 1 1
 Cameroon Africa 1 0
 Canada North America 4 4
 Cape Verde Africa 1 1
 Central African Republic Africa 1 1
 Chile South America 4 2
 China ( Hong Kong)[c] Asia 2 0
 Colombia South America 2 1
 Cuba North America 1 1
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 2 1
 Croatia Europe 1 1
 Czech Republic Europe 1 1
 Dominican Republic North America 1 0
 Egypt Africa 1 0
 El Salvador North America 1 1
 Ethiopia Africa 1 1
 France Europe 6 4
 Germany Europe 8 3
 Ghana Africa 1 1
 Guatemala North America 1 1
 Guinea Africa 1 1
 Haiti North America 1 1
 Honduras North America 1 1
 Hungary Europe 1 1
 India Asia 4 3
 Indonesia Asia 2 1
 Iraq Asia 1 1
 Ireland Europe 1 0
 Italy Europe 47 22
 Ivory Coast Africa 1 1
 Japan Asia 1 1
 Kenya Africa 1 1
 South Korea Asia 2 1
 Laos Asia 1 1
 Latvia Europe 1 0
 Lebanon Asia 1 0
 Lesotho Africa 1 0
 Lithuania Europe 2 0
 Luxembourg Europe 1 1
 Madagascar Africa 1 1
 Mali Africa 1 1
 Malta Europe 1 1
 Mauritius Africa 1 1
 Mexico North America 7 3
 Morocco Africa 1 1
 Mozambique Africa 2 0
 Myanmar Asia 1 1
 Netherlands Europe 1 1
 New Zealand Oceania 2 1
 Nicaragua North America 1 1
 Nigeria Africa 3 1
 Pakistan Asia 1 1
 Panama North America 1 1
 Papua New Guinea Oceania 1 1
 Peru South America 2 2
 Philippines Asia 4 2
 Poland Europe 4 3
 Portugal Europe 5 3
 Romania Europe 1 0
 Rwanda Africa 1 1
 Saint Lucia North America 1 0
 Senegal Africa 1 0
 Slovakia Europe 1 0
 Slovenia Europe 1 0
 South Africa Africa 1 1
 Spain Europe 14 6
 Sri Lanka Asia 1 1
 Sudan Africa 1 1
 Sweden Europe 1 1
  Switzerland Europe 2 1
 Tanzania Africa 1 1
 Thailand Asia 2 1
 Tonga Oceania 1 1
 Uganda Africa 1 0
 United Kingdom Europe 2 1
 United States North America 15 9
 Uruguay South America 1 1
 Venezuela South America 2 2
 Vietnam Asia 2 0
Total 229 128

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Among the cardinal electors, the senior cardinal bishop, the senior cardinal priest, the senior cardinal deacon and the junior cardinal deacon have specific roles in a papal conclave, such as presiding over the conclave itself (the senior cardinal bishop) or announcing the election of the pope (the senior cardinal deacon).[3]
  2. ^ Created in pectore; revealed on 21 February 2001
  3. ^ a b c Special administrative region of China
  4. ^ a b c Granted dispensation not to receive episcopal consecration
  5. ^ Territory as archbishop also in the  United Kingdom
  6. ^ Exact date of birth unknown
  7. ^ Resigned the rights and privileges of a cardinal on 24 September 2020
  8. ^ For the Americas (North and South America) as a whole

  1. ^ Created a cardinal priest; appointed a cardinal bishop on 1 October 2002
  2. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 19 May 2018 and co-opted as a cardinal bishop on 28 June 2018
  3. ^ Created a cardinal priest; appointed a cardinal bishop on 10 January 1994
  4. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 29 January 1996 and appointed a cardinal bishop on 25 April 2005
  5. ^ Created a cardinal priest; appointed a cardinal bishop on 10 May 2008
  6. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; appointed a cardinal bishop on 24 February 2009
  7. ^ a b Created a cardinal priest; co-opted as a cardinal bishop on 28 June 2018
  8. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; co-opted as a cardinal bishop on 28 June 2018
  9. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; appointed a cardinal bishop on 1 May 2020
  10. ^ Created a cardinal priest; co-opted as a cardinal bishop on 1 May 2020
  11. ^ a b Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 29 January 1996
  12. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 9 January 1999
  13. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 26 February 2002
  14. ^ a b Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 1 March 2008
  15. ^ a b c Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 21 February 2011
  16. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 20 May 2006
  17. ^ a b Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 12 June 2014
  18. ^ a b Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 20 June 2016
  19. ^ a b c d e Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 19 May 2018

References[edit]

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